**Healthy Children**

__Low-birthweight babies (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of low-birthweight births to Georgia residents. Denominator: Total number of live births. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Birth Certificate Records, Georgia Department of Human Resources, Division of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning. Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

__Infant Mortality (per 1,000) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of deaths of infants residing in Georgia (regardless of where the death occurred) and less than 1 year of age. Denominator: Total number of live births. Rate calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Death Certificate Records, Georgia Department of Human Resources, Division of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning. Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__Children Enrolled in Medicaid or PeachCare__

Definitions: Numerator: Number of children enrolled in Medicaid or PeachCare

Data Source: Georgia Department of Community Health

__Children without health insurance (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of children without health insurance. Denominator: Number of children less than age 18. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B27001.

__Child deaths, ages 1-14 (per 100,000) (Number & Rate per 100,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of deaths from all causes to children ages 1 through 14 residing in Georgia (regardless of where the death occurred). Denominator: Number of children ages 1 through 14. Rates calculation: 100,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Death Records, Georgia Department of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning (OHIP).Office of Health Indicators for Planning Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__Teen pregnancies, ages 15-17 (per 1,000) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of pregnancies to Georgia teen residents ages 15-17 at the time of the event. Denominator: Number of females age 15-17. Rates calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Birth Records, Fetal Death Certificate Records, and Abortion Certificate Records. Georgia Department of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning (OHIP). Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: Pregnancies resulting in live births, fetal deaths, and abortions are included. In the event of a multiple (e.g., twin) birth (or fetal death), the event is counted only once. For example, a birth of twins is only one pregnancy. LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__Teen births, ages 15-19 (per 1,000) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of births to Georgia teen residents ages 15-19 at the time of the birth. Denominator: Number of females ages 15-19. Rate calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Birth Records. Georgia Department of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning. Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__Teen mothers giving birth to another child before age 20, ages 15-19 (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of mothers ages 15-19 who gave birth and already have given birth to a child that is still living. Denominator: Number of teens ages 15-19 who gave birth. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Birth Records, Georgia Department of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning). Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: Records with previous birth information missing are excluded from the numerator and denominator. LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__STD incidence for youth, ages 15-19 (per 1,000) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of cases of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that have been diagnosed in youth, ages 15-19. Denominator: Number of youth ages 15-19. Rate calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Georgia Department of Public Health, Epidemiology Branch. http://health.state.ga.us/epi/disease/index.asp

Footnotes: Sexually transmitted diseases include Chancroid, Chlamydia trachomatis, Gonorrhea, Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), Syphilis – Primary, Syphilis – Secondary, Syphilis – Early Latent, Syphilis – Other, Syphilis – Congenital. LNE (low number event) indicates that there were 4 or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__Teen deaths, ages 15-19 (per 100,000) (Number & Rate per 100,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of deaths to Georgia teen residents ages 15-19. Denominator: Number of Georgia teens ages 15-19. Rates calculation: 100,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Death Records, Georgia Department of Public HealthOffice of Health Indicators for Planning. Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

__Teen deaths by homicide, suicide and accident, ages 15-19 (per 100,000) (Number & Rate per 100,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of deaths by accident, homicide, and suicide to Georgia teen residents ages 15-19. Denominator: Number of Georgia teens ages 15-19. Rates calculation: 100,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Death Records, Georgia Department of Public Health Office of Health Indicators for Planning. Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: These deaths (through 1998) were identified from the computer-generated “short codes” (clusters of the International Classification of Diseases [ICD-9] codes), and include all deaths with codes 50 to 62 inclusive. The ICD-10 codes were used to code cause of death on Georgia death certificates for 1999 and after. “Short codes” based on the ICD-10 classification were defined by the KIDS COUNT staff at the Rollins School of Public Health. Accidents include motor vehicle accidents and all other accidental deaths (i.e., deaths due to falls, fire, poisoning, etc.). LNE (low number event) indicates that there were 4 or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__9th grade students reporting perception of negative risk with alcohol consumption (Number & Percent)__

Definitions: Numerator: Number of students who think people risk harming themselves if they take one or two drinks of an alcoholic beverage nearly every day. Denominator: Number of students surveyed. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Georgia Department of Education, Georgia Student Health Survey

__9th grade students reporting alcohol use in the past 30 days (Number & Percent)__

Definitions: Numerator: Number of students reporting using alcohol on any day in the past 30 days. Denominator: Number of students surveyed. Rate calculation: 100 time the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Georgia Department of Education, Georgia Student Health Survey

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**Children Primed for School**

__Children enrolled in the Georgia Pre-K program (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of children enrolled in the Georgia Pre-K Program. Denominator: Number of 4 year olds. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Bright from the Start: Georgia Department of Early Care and Learning

__Children enrolled in the Georgia Pre-K program from low-income families (Number & Percent) __

Indicator context: Do not compare data from 2015 and 2014 to prior years as the methodology has changed.

Definitions: Numerator: Number of children from low-income families enrolled in the Georgia Pre-K Program. Denominator: All children enrolled in the Georgia Pre-K program. Rates calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Bright from the Start: Georgia Department of Early Care and Learning

Footnotes: Note: Children from low-income families are classified as Category One if they participate in one of the following: Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), CAPS program, or PeachCare for Kids. Children who participate in the free and reduced-price meal program through the center/school also may be counted. For 2013-2014 and afterwards, children receiving Medicaid or PeachCare are not included as low-income.

__Children ages 3 to 4 not attending preschool (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of children ages 3 to 4 not attending preschool. Denominator: Number of children ages 3 to 4. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B14003.

__Centers and family care homes rated in Quality Rated (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Total number of out-of-home child-care settings that are rated in Quality Rated. Denominator: Number of eligible settings. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Bright from the Start: Georgia Department of Early Care and Learning.

__Babies born to mothers with less than 12 years of education (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of births to Georgia residents who were not high school graduates. Denominator: All births to Georgia residents. Rates calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Birth Records, Georgia Department of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning. Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: Records with mother’s educational attainment missing are excluded from the numerator and denominator. LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

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**Children Succeeding in School**

__Children absent more than 15 days from school (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of students who are absent more than 15 days from school. Denominator: Number of students. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Office of Student Achievement Report Card www.gosa.georgia.gov and Georgia Department of Education.

Footnotes: The year listed is the second half of the school year; for example, 2016 refers to the 2015-2016 school year. Data for all school systems are now listed separately. For counties with one school system, the data have not changed. For counties with more than one school system, search for each “School District” in the county. For data by specific schools, go to www.gosa.georgia.gov.

__Third grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on Milestones English Language Arts assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of third grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on the Milestones English Language Arts assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

Footnotes: The year listed is the second half of the school year; for example, 2016 refers to the 2015-2016 school year. Data for all school systems are listed separately. For counties with more than one school system, search for each “School District” in the county. For data by specific schools, go to http://gosa.georgia.gov/.

__Third grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on Milestones English Language Arts assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of third grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on the Milestones English Language Arts assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

Footnotes: The year listed is the second half of the school year; for example, 2016 refers to the 2015-2016 school year. Data for all school systems are listed separately. For counties with more than one school system, search for each “School District” in the county. For data by specific schools, go to http://gosa.georgia.gov/.

__Fifth grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on Milestones English Language Arts assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Number of fifth grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on the Milestones English Language Arts assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

Footnotes: The year listed is the second half of the school year; for example, 2016 refers to the 2015-2016 school year. Data for all school systems are listed separately. For counties with more than one school system, search for each “School District” in the county. For data by specific schools, go to http://gosa.georgia.gov/.

__Fifth grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on Milestones Mathematics assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of fifth grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on the Milestones Mathematics assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

__Fifth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on Milestones English Language Arts assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of fifth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on the Milestones English Language Arts assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

__Fifth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on Milestones Mathematics assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of fifth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on the Milestones Mathematics assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

__Eighth grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on Milestones English Language Arts assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of eight grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on the Milestones English Language Arts assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

__Eighth grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on Milestones Mathematics assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of eighth grade students achieving Developing Learner or above on the Milestones Mathematics assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

__Eighth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on Milestones English Language Arts assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of eighth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on the Milestones English Language Arts assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

__Eighth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on Milestones Mathematics assessment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of eighth grade students achieving Proficient Learner or above on the Milestones Mathematics assessment. Denominator: Number of students taking the test. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card

__Students who graduate from high school on time (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate (percentage of students who graduate within four years, including adjustments for student transfers).

Data Source: Governor’s Office of Student Achievement Report Card www.gosa.georgia.gov and Georgia Department of Education.

Footnotes: The year listed is the second half of the school year; for example, 2012 refers to the 2011-2012 school year. Data for all school systems are now listed separately. For counties with one school system, the data have not changed. For counties with more than one school system, search for each “School District” in the county . For data by specific schools, go to http://www.gosa.georgia.gov.

__Teens who are high-school dropouts, ages 16-19 (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of youth ages 16 to 19 who are not enrolled in school and not high school graduates. Denominator: Number of youth ages 16 to 19. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B14005.

__Teens not in school and not working, ages 16-19 (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of youth ages 16 to 19 who are not in the Armed Forces, are not enrolled in school, and not employed. Denominator: Number of youth ages 16 to 19. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B14005.

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**Stable, Self-Sufficient, and Productive Families**

__First birth to mother age 20 or older with 12 years of education (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of first births to Georgia residents who are at least 20 years old and have graduated high school. Denominator: Number of first births to Georgia residents. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Birth Records, Georgia Department of Public Health, Office of Health Indicators for Planning. Data collection is the responsibility of the Vital Records Branch.

Footnotes: Records with age or mother’s educational attainment missing are excluded from the numerator and denominator. LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__Children living in single-parent families (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of children living with single mother or single father. Denominator: Number of children living in households. Rates calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-YearEstimates, Table B09002.

__Children with a substantiated incident of abuse and/or neglect (per 1,000) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Unduplicated count of children with a substantiated incident of abuse and/or neglect. Denominator: Number of children less than age 18. Rate calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Child Protective Services Data System, Georgia Department of Human Services, Division of Family and Children Services.

Footnotes: If there is substantial credible evidence that abuse or neglect has occurred, a report is determined to be substantiated. LNE (low number event) indicates that there were four or fewer events on which rates would be based.

__Children with a substantiated incident of abuse (per 1,000) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Unduplicated count of children with a substantiated incident of abuse. Denominator: Number of children less than age 18. Rate calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Child Protective Services Data System, Georgia Department of Human Services, Division of Family and Children Services.

__Children with a substantiated incident of neglect (per 1,000) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Unduplicated count of children with a substantiated incident of neglect. Denominator: Number of children less than age 18. Rate calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Child Protective Services Data System, Georgia Department of Human Services, Division of Family and Children Services.

__Children leaving foster care who are reunified with their families or placed with a relative within 12 months of entering foster care (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of children exiting Foster Care who are reunified with their birth families or legally placed with a relative within 12 months of entering care. Denominator: Number of children exiting Foster Care who are reunified with their birth families or legally placed with a relative. Rates Calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Division of Family and Children Services, Georgia Department of Human Services.

__Households, with children, receiving Food Stamps (Number) __

Definitions: Number of households with children receiving Food Stamps.

Data Source: Division of Family and Children Services, Georgia Department of Human Services.

__Children whose parents lack secure employment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Own children under 18 in families and subfamilies where no parent is in the labor force. Denominator: Own children under 18 in families and subfamilies. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B23008.

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**Vibrant, Robust Communities that Thrive**

__Adult educational attainment: High-school graduate or higher (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of adults, ages 25 and older, who have at least a high school diploma or equivalency. Denominator: Number of adults, ages 25 and older. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B15002.

__Adult educational attainment: Bachelor’s degree or higher (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of adults, ages 25 and older, who have at least a bachelor’s degree. Denominator: Number of adults, ages 25 and older. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B15002.

__GED graduates (Number) __

Definitions: The number of GED graduates in each county for the calendar year as reported by the Technical College System of Georgia.

__Unemployment (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of unemployed persons. Denominator: Number of persons in the labor force. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Georgia Department of Labor, Labor Information Systems Office, Yearly Data.

__Children living in poverty (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: The number and percentage of children under age 18 who are living in families with income below the federal poverty level.

Data Source: United States Census 2000, U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, SF3, Tables P87 and P159A,B,H. For 2001 and later: United States Census Bureau, Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE). http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/saipe/index.html

Footnotes: Poverty is determined based on income received during the prior year. Poverty thresholds differ by family size and are updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index.

__Families, with children, with annual incomes of less than 150% of the federal poverty threshold (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of families with related children under 18 years with income less than 150% of federal poverty threshold. Denominator: Number of families with related children under 18 years. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B17022.

__Homeownership (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of occupied housing units that are owner occupied. Denominator: Number of occupied housing units. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator. Large differences in county values between years may be due in part to the margin of error.

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, Table B25003.

__Crime rate, age 17 or older (per 1,000): Violent crime (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of violent crimes (part I crimes) committed by persons 17 years of age or older. Denominator: Population ages 17 and older. Rates Calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, Georgia Crime Information Center, Georgia Bureau of Investigation.

Footnotes: Notes: UCR data is compiled directly from summary offense and arrest reports submitted from Georgia’s law enforcement agencies. Data presented does not include estimates for incidents or arrests that might have occurred but are not reported. Part 1 crimes include Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter, Manslaughter by Negligence, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, Burglary-Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft (Except Motor Vehicle Theft), Motor Vehicle Theft, and Arson. Part II crimes include everything else except Traffic Offenses.

__Crime rate, age 17 or older (per 1,000): Other crimes (burglaries, etc.) (Number & Rate per 1,000) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of property crimes (part II crimes) committed by persons 17 years of age or older. Denominator: Population ages 17 and older. Rates Calculation: 1,000 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, Georgia Crime Information Center, Georgia Bureau of Investigation.

Footnotes: UCR data is compiled directly from summary offense and arrest reports submitted from Georgia’s law enforcement agencies. Data presented does not include estimates for incidents or arrests that might have occurred but are not reported. Part 1 crimes include Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter, Manslaughter by Negligence, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, Burglary-Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft (Except Motor Vehicle Theft), Motor Vehicle Theft, and Arson. Part II crimes include everything else except Traffic Offenses.

__Voter participation (Number & Percent) __

Definitions: Numerator: Number of voters who participated in the most recent general election. Denominator: Number of registered voters during the most recent general election. Rate calculation: 100 times the numerator divided by the denominator.

Data Source: Secretary of State Office, Elections Division.